Except that it doesn’t, because anyone of any age can create an account by entering a fake date of birth. And millions of children under 13 use it every day.
Facebook says it will promptly delete the account of anyone using the site who’s under 13 if the account is reported using this form. But why does Facebook prohibit children under 13 from using the site?
It’s certainly nothing to do with Facebook being noble. Back in 2011 Mark Zuckerberg said he thought that the age limit should be lowered so younger children can use it - for education purposes. No, the reason for the age limit is mainly due to regulations, which vary from country to country, which prevent access to online services in order to enforce privacy for children.
Facebook is free to use because it makes its money from data profiling, advertising and other means. Although some parents are savvy enough to understand this, no-one would expect a child to, and the new GDPR rules – coming into force on 25th May 2018 – look set to increase the protection for children online, finally.
One of the changes could mean that Facebook, along with any other social media sites, will have to obtain parents’ permission before children can use the site.
So is Facebook safe for children?
This is debatable. Some people feel it’s perfectly fine for under 13s to use a social media site, while others disagree.
Really, you need to understand the risks and decide if you’re happy for your children to use the site. Obviously we can’t condone bypassing the restrictions Facebook has in place to stop under 13s using the site, so if your children are under 13, the simple answer is that they shouldn’t have an account anyway.
For those 13 or older, the risks can be subtle. Online bullying is the most obvious, but affects a minority.
Since you can’t access your child’s account without their password (and Facebook won’t give it to you due to privacy laws) you won’t necessarily know what they’re posting, which friends they’ve added or even whether they’ve set acceptable privacy options so that what they post remains visible only to their friends.
Another obvious risk is grooming. Paedophiles can pose as other children and if you don’t know who they’re friends with, you can’t be sure that they’re only communicating with other children they actually know.
The more subtle risks are that Facebook tends to cause people to create an image of themselves and maintain it, even if they don’t realise they’re doing it. The relentless social competition can lead to children feeling inadequate… and worse.
Plus, as with anything online, it can be difficult or impossible to delete things. Whether that’s an image or something else they wish they hadn’t posted, it can be a real headache months or years down the line.
Of course, there is the flip side: if you lay down ground rules and explain the dangers, you minimise the risk of anything bad happening on Facebook. It’s similar to allowing your child to ride off to the sweet shop for the first time: there are risks involved, but they need some freedom to learn life at some point.
What about Facebook Messenger kids?
Facebook is clearly interested in targeting younger children as it released Messenger kids in December 2017. The Android version isn’t out yet, but it will be coming.
This could be a better option to allow them to keep in touch with their friends without being exposed to everything the main Facebook site (and app) has to offer.
It isn’t perfectly safe, but it limits them to sending messages, stickers, animated GIFs (vetted) and photos to their friends plus video calling. The account is linked to a parent account and friend requests must be approved by the parent.
Ultimately, whether you like it or not, the burden of deciding whether your children should use Facebook rests on your shoulders. But at least you are now more aware of what can happen and what you can do to protect them.